People often ask the question – what is the importance of web application security? The answer is quite simple – your website is your business, you earn money from it which is why you need to take care of it. You promote your work here and also get clients and expand your business. Clients are people who give you business and if you are not giving them a secure environment to deal in you are losing out on potential business. Unsecured website leads to compromise of the system which then leads to loss of financial and personal information. A small breach in the security could incur heavy losses for a business. Once your customers come to know that your site is not safe they would think twice before doing business. Here is what you should know everything about web security.
Why do Hackers Hack?
If you wish to understand the importance of web application security then you should know what exactly you are securing your website from. Hackers are highly skilled people who are capable of harvesting your data. They usually look for three things- one is personal information and use your identity – identity thieves, second is financial information to extract money from your account fraudulently and finally use your login so they can achieve their personal targets using your resources.
Types of Attacks or Risks
Besides understanding the importance of web application security you should also know the ways in which your website could be compromised.
Malware is a general term which is used for all types of malicious things which can be used to harm the system they could be anything from adware to viruses. It forces the user to a network of hacked devices which is controlled by the hackers. Such networks are also used for DDoS attacks.
This type of action happens when someone from your organization or company intentionally misuse their credentials and make their way through the important information of the organization. Such things are usually done by ex-employees which is why it is important that you terminate all types of access when an employee leaves the job or is terminated from the job.
In an injection attack, the website is compromised and data is taken. This attack is targeted to weaken the trust of the clients of the compromised website.
Distributed Denial of Service or DDoS:
In a DDoS attack, the hacker sends excessive requests or traffic which flood the system and put it offline. In this type of attack other websites which share the server may also be affected.
The hackers use what is known as trial and error method through application programs and decode passwords. The keystrokes of a user are traced with the help of a software which the hackers use to hack the victim’s account.
In phishing, the hackers create web pages and emails which have been specially designed to collect the credit card or debit card details or email id and passwords.
Here is What You Could do to Secure Your Website from Hackers
Step 1. Use More than One Email Address
Try and use a different email address for your banking purpose. The email that you are using for social websites or providing to the companies to send promotional email should be kept separate. Even if someone manages to creep in to this email atleast your banking details will remain safe.
Step 2. Secure Networks
Always keep an eye on the address bar when you are logging into the banks’ website or any site where you need to provide your personal details. Remember to check for HTTPS. The ‘S’ is for secure. In most cases, the page would be a fake one if the ‘S’ is missing.
Step 3. Never Open Suspicious Emails and the Links Contained in Them
Hackers have brilliant minds and they use sly methods to get through you. Promotional emails are usually where the viruses are placed. They carry infected links which if you click releases the virus which then compromises your system. If you are getting email links through your bank then it is better you call your bank and verify with them before you can open the link. It is best that you went directly through the main site of the bank and saw the details or performed the necessary action.
Step 4. Think Before Posting Your Email Address Online
Hackers look for vulnerabilities and by making your details available you are making it easy for them to hack your system. Don’t leave your email addresses on reviews, message boards, review sites, and forums. The hackers can easily pick your address all exploit your website or your details.
Step 5. Keep Strong Passwords
People keep passwords which they can remember, but easy is not what you should be targeting. Passwords guard your access to your websites and personal information. You need to keep them strong so no one gets through or cracks it. Using a mix of alphabets and numbers along with a special character makes a perfect and a strong password. Also, don’t use familiar phrases such as ‘I love my wife and children’ etc. In fact using the first letters of your wife and kids would make an excellent password such as ‘I Love my wife and 2 children Clayton, Ayden and Zara – ILmw&2c*CAZ. Ensure that no two passwords are same because if one account gets compromised the hacker would also be able to take over other accounts. Businesses and organizations should make use of password generators for the best passwords.
Step 6. Two-Factor Authorization
Two-factor authorization is a two-step verification system where the user uses two different ways to verify. The two-factor authentication could be a pin, biometrics, fingerprints, voice, keystrokes, speech pattern or face. This is especially useful for website owners and organizations. This way they are adding to the security system.
There is no space for making mistakes while working on the internet for this could lead to big problems endangering your business or your personal identity.